LES MOTS DE LIAISON
|Exprimer la CAUSE||EXAMPLES|
|As : comme
Because/ because of : à cause de
For : car
Since : puisque
Owing to / due to + Nom : dû à
Due to the worldwide economic crisis, the sales of jeans stopped.
Since / as the economic crisis hit the world, the sales of jeans stopped.
|Exprimer la CONSEQUENCE
As a result
As a consequence
This company sells more and more cars as a result As a consequence / So / Therefore its profits plummeted.
|Exprimer la CONDITION
Provided that :
As long as } pourvu que
Unless : à moins que
otherwise : sinon/ autrement
As long as businesses exist, so will marketing and the need for fresh ideas from marketing professionals
China will have to reduce its carbon footprint otherwise it would no longer be part of G20 summit.
Unless China reduces its carbon footprint, it won’t be part of the G20 summit any longer.
|Exprimer le CONTRASTE
Whereas / while : tandis que
unlike : contrairement à
on the one hand : d’une part
on the other hand : d’autre part
Whereas 22.8 % of young people in the EU are currently unemployed, youth unemployment exceeds 50 % in some Member States.
22.8 % of young people in the EU are currently unemployed while youth unemployment exceeds 50 % in some Member States.
Unlike Germany, Greece has an extremely high youth unemployment.
|Exprimer la CONCESSION
Although/ though : Bien que
Even though / if : même si
Despite + nom
In spite of + nom } malgré
Nevertheless : néanmoins
However / Still / Yet: cependant
Although few analysts view a complete dissolution of the EU as likely, the future shape and character of the Union are being increasingly questioned .
Despite/ in spite of lower rates, people do not want to invest money in real estate.
Interest rates remain low however/ nevertheless people do not invest money in real estate.(immobilier)
|Exprimer le BUT
In order to / to + verbe : pour
In order not to + verbe : pour ne pas
So that + sujet + verbe
Companies outsource their manufacturing units in order to take advantage of cheap labor
Companies outsource their manufacturing units so that they can take advantage of cheap labor
|Ajouter une IDEE, un FAIT
In addition + nom : en plus…
In addition to + verbe : en plus de …
moreover / furthermore : en outre
Besides : d’ailleurs
In addition, since discrimination can take many forms, many women face multiple discrimination
In addition to sexual harassment, women face other forms of discrimination.
Women face sexual harassment. Moreover they suffer from other forms of discrimination.
|Exprimer le TEMPS
As : lorsque
As soon as : dès que…
When : quand
While : pendant que
Until/ til : jusqu’à
Once : une fois que
They won’t launch their advertising campaign until the products are available.
We will let you know as soon as possible where our products are available.